A comparison of extraversion, introversion and sensation seeking scale to addicts and non-addicts

Katayoon Rezaee, Seyed Abolghasem Seyedan

Abstract


Genetic and the environment have significant influences on behavior and personality. Personality is behavior patterns and ways of thinking which determine adaptability to environment (Atkinson.by Karimi 2004). As Jung´ view, personality divides into extraversion and introversion types. Personality psychology can be useful in preventing disorders specially personality disorders (Azizi 2002). Addiction is one of disorders and dangerous behaviors which these days researchers are studying and investigating. Addiction and personality have mutual relation, according to Eysenck´ s theory sensation seeking can be a factor which tends to high-risk behaviors such as addiction . sensation seeking is a personality trait defined by the search for experiences and feelings, that are “ varied ,  novel, complex and intense” , and by the readiness to “ take physical, social, legal, and financial risks for the sake of such experiences.”( Santrock 2004) People who re high sensation seekers involve into drugs and alcoholic drinks more than others. This research is an ex post facto research, The volume of community is 30 thousand and measure of addicts are about 3 thousands people. The sample includes 100 people which 50 addicts and 50 non-addicts. This research attempts to find the effects and consequences of addiction to have best social reactions on it.


Keywords


Extraversion, Introversion, Sensation seeking, Addiction.

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References


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