The effect of self-care education on quality of life of Parkinson's patients –A randomized clinical trial

Sharare Shadizad, Hashem Rahmati, Peyman Petramfar

Abstract


Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most commonly damaging disease of the central nervous system and one of the common causes of inability in the elderly that affects quality of life. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial study over a 6-month period of 69 patients with PD treated in Imam Reza Hospital in shiraz from April to October 2016. The patients were randomly allocated into experimental (n=34) and control (n=35). Experimental group received self-care training. The de Boer (1996) quality of life questionnaire in both groups were completed before intervention and after 1, 2-months. The quality of life questionnaire has five subscales s included Parkinson's symptoms, systemic symptoms, emotional functioning, and social function. Cronbach's alpha in all questionnaire subscales s was 0.95, SPSS (version 19) software was used to data analyses and using ANCOVA. Result: 69 patients with Parkinson disease included 36(52.17%) male and 33(47.83%) female enrolled in study. Marital status and employment status in the control and experimental group have a significant difference (respectively P=0.003 and P=0.01). It was observed self-education improved scores of quality of life subscales included Parkinson's symptoms score of in the post-test (P = 0.001), systemic symptoms in the post-test (P = 0.05). emotional function in the post-test (P = 0.05). social function score in the post-test (P = 0.05) in intervention group. There were not statistical difference of scores of quality of life  in 1 month and 2 months after treatment(P>0.05).


Keywords


education, quality of life, Self-care, Parkinson disease

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References


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