Comparative analysis of metaphorical models of the conceptual source domain law

Liliya R. Mukharlyamova, Svetlana L. Yakovleva, Elzara V. Gafiyatova

Abstract


The article focuses on the comparative analysis of metaphorical modeling of the conceptual source domain law in Russian and American paroemic discourses. The objective of the article is to compare verbalization of the conceptual source domain law in the paroemic views of the world by the American and Russian peoples. The verbalization of the conceptual source domain law is analyzed with the help of a systemic approach. During the research both linguistic and cognitive methods have been used. In the paper, the law is viewed in a broad meaning of the word: as a system of rules, which all the people of a country must follow; as the body of obligatory norms regulating relations in the society. The description of metaphorical models is one of the perspective trends in modern cognitive linguistics. The man prefigures model of the situation and a target specific fragment of the world (natural, social or cultural) in his consciousness with the help of the language and the metaphor; this suggests that the metaphor helps to create a new way of representing an object and may be considered a phenomenon both linguistic and cognitive. Metaphors used in proverbs and sayings create a specific national paroemic picture of the world which can be presented as an “integrated communicative and cognitive space”. Ontological, spatial and structural metaphors of different types are described in the paper. Metaphorical model is viewed as an idiomatic structure, a certain type of relations between source and target domains. In any metaphorical model, the components provide similarity but not direct identification. The analysis of the frame structure of metaphorical models allows revealing characteristic frames and slots typical of each model in order to find out universal and specific features of the world conceptualization by peoples and their system of values.


Keywords


Russian paroemic discourse, American paroemic discourse, metaphorical model, conceptual domain law, frame, slot

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References


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