Imaginative potential of the lexeme память /memeory (Based on russian poetry)

Azaliya R. Gizatullina Azaliya R. Gizatullina, Gulshat A. Hayrutdinova, Gulnara F. Lutfullina

Abstract


The article is devoted to the analysis and description of the imaginative potential of the lexeme память /memory. The research is proved to be actual because the functioning of the lexeme associated with important cognitive process of a person is revealed. The purpose of the article is to analyze the imaginative potential of the lexeme память /memory met in poetry of the XIX – XXI centuries. During the research, the following methods were used: descriptive-analytical, semantic-stylistic, distributive. The material for the study was the poetic works of Russian authors. The source for the collection and systematization of linguistic material was the «National Corpus of the Russian Language» (http://ruscorpora.ru/search-poetic.html). The research is carried out in line with those linguistic works where the idea of artistic image invariance is developed. Examples with the lexeme память /memory referring to the «mental» concept and occupying left / right member position were investigated. The analysis shows that the lexeme память /memory functioning, has a significant imaginative potential in Russian poetry. As a result of the research, imaginative paradigms were revealed, where the lexeme память /memory is used as an object of comparison and as an image of comparison. It is determined that in the left member position the lexeme память /memory often converges with lexical units forming concepts of «being», «space», «plant», «substance», «light» and «water». Occupying the right member position, the lexeme память /memory is often combined with words related to the semantic zones «existential», «mental», «space», «being» and «plant». Reversibility models were distinguished. The convergence criteria for lexical units occupying the right / left member position in the imaginative paradigms were established.


Keywords


poetic text, lexeme память /memory, imagery of the word, image invariance, imaginative paradigm.

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References


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