Strategies to Enhance Intermodal Movement in Malaysia

Shahrin Nasir, Karl-Lennart Bang, Karl-Lennart Bang, Bo-Lennart Nelldal, Bo-Lennart Nelldal, Azlina Muhammad, Azlina Muhammad

Abstract


This paper is to develop possible strategies for improving the intermodal hinterland container transport system logistics in Malaysia. It looks into on customer demand, cost-efficiency, environmental impacts and quality. Since 1989, intermodal began to capture more container volumes from ports, especially from Port Klang. This was motivated by the opening of Ipoh Cargo Terminal (ICT). Other inland terminals such as Padang Besar (Perlis), Nilai Inland Port (Negri Sembilan), Segamat Inland Port (Johore) and three other Inland Container Depot (ICD) had a good share of intermodal movement during that time. But for the past 10 years, the intermodal share has declined. The Malaysian government is concerned with the congestions, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and security issues from the road haulage. Since the Prime Minister pledge by the year 2020, Malaysia will reduce its CO2 emissions by 40%, intermodal has been seen as one of the solutions to improves the situations. The need to shift from road haulage to road-rail intermodal has been mentioned in Industrial Master Plan 3 (2006) and the Logistics Road Map (2009) to alleviate these problems. Intermodal hinterland container transport is a trend in many European ports to solve road haulage problems. Lacking of strategic policies and effective institutional aspects also contributed to the less attractiveness of intermodal services.


Keywords


Intermodal, Institutional framework, Strategies, Incentives

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