Religiosity and Meaning in Life: Does Personality Matter?

Henndy Ginting, Jacqueline M. Tjandraningtyas, Robert Oloan Rajagukguk, Raissa Azaria Arief

Abstract


Not all religious believers can experience a better sense of meaning in life (meaningfulness). Personality traits might explain the mechanism between religiosity and meaning in life. The Indonesian version of the Source of meaning and Meaning in life questionnaire (SoMe) and the Indonesian version of the Big Five Personality Inventory were administered to 1232 students from Indonesian universities and 286 volunteers from some Indonesian churches and mosques. The results support previous findings on associations between religiosity and personality in both groups. Most of the dimensions of religiosity are significantly correlated with personality traits. Higher significant correlations were found between dimensions of religiosity with some particular sources of meaning and meaningfulness in volunteers’ group more than in general population. Hierarchical regression analyses in both groups showed that after controlling for demographic characteristics, dimensions of religiosity are associated with meaningfulness. This model also shows that a spiritual dimension of religiosity contributes more than explicit religiosity in developing a sense of meaning. These findings suggest the role of personality in the associations between dimensions of religiosity and meaning in life, and the diverse contributions between spiritual and religious dimensions in the meaning of life.


Keywords


Source of meaning, Meaning in life, Religiosity, Personality

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References


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